This crazy looking insect is commonly known as the Giraffe Weevil (Trachelophorus giraffa). They can be found in Madagascar, and also in another form in New Zealand. I am sure you can imagine where these critters got their name, as they have an extended neck very similar to that of the common giraffe.
They have beautiful features, other than their long neck, and pitch black glossy coloring, they have a bright red protective coat of the wings (elytra). Their long necks are adapted through evolution so that these insects are able to nest and fight.
These Weevils are sexually dimorphic (phenotypic differences between sexes), where the male will have a neck around 2 to 3 times the length of a female. Females use their neck for nest building by making a tube out of a leaf by rolling in a leaf, laying only one egg in the made tube. After this roll is made, she snips the roll from the rest of the leaf so that the nest will fall to the ground, and the egg will hatch. Males use their necks to compete for these mates, protecting parasitic predators as the female makes her nest.